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Treatment timing and phases
Orthodontic treatment can be completed in one full-length treatment or broken into two separate treatment phases with a maintenance phase between the two. Please keep in mind that treatment times depend on several factors.
First phase. Treatment usually takes twelve to eighteen months (at 7 to 9 years of age) and variety of appliances may be used to correct specific problems:
Braces - placed on the upper and sometimes lower permanent teeth
Rapid Palatal expander: - Worn to widen the upper jaw.
Face Mask worn to move the upper jaw and/or teeth forward
Functional appliance- a removable appliance worn to direct jaw growth.
Second phase. During the first phase the orthodontist has no control over 16 unerupted permanent teeth. If they grow in and problems still exist, further treatment will be required, and usually takes twelve to twenty-four months at age 12 to 13 years.
If you decide to wait, treatment will be started when all permanent teeth have erupted.
Full treatment usually takes twenty to thirty months at 12 to 14 years of age. The length of treatment depends on several factors, including:
Severity of the problem
Age of the patient
Consistency in keeping appointments
Adolescent and Adult Treatment
Today, more than 30% of orthodontic patients are over 18 years old. Crooked teeth, improper bite, overcrowding and buck teeth are now being corrected in many people regardless of age. The major difference between child and adult orthodontic treatment is that adult bones are no longer growing. This means that it may take a little longer for adult teeth to move into their correct position. In general, adult treatment takes between eighteen and thirty months.
Adolescents and adults have more choices than ever in creating a beautiful smile. From traditional braces, to invisible braces the number of effective and cosmetically pleasing treatment options is growing all the time.
Traditional braces. Recent improvements in traditional braces have resulted in smaller, stronger, more efficient and less conspicuous brackets. Metal brackets are the most familiar, however clear and tooth-color ceramic and plastic brackets are now available. Their clear or natural color gives these brackets a less noticeable look.
Invisaling. Invisaling gradually moves the teeth with series of custom-made, removable, nearly invisible aligners.
Its removable for good hygiene. You can brush and floss normally, which can help prevent tooth decay and gum desease.
Your gum health may improve. Research has shown that periodontal tissue health may improve with use of invisaling aligners during the orthodontic treatment.
Cleanings are quicker and easier than with traditional orthodontics. There are no brackets or wires to clean around, as with traditional orthodontics.
You can still eat when you want. Because the aligners are removable, you dont have to worry about what you eat.